Illinois Department of Corrections | November 2017
The Illinois DOC funds reentry service centers statewide for parolees returning to community life. In these RSC programs, parolees receive evidence-based programming, including cognitive behavioral treatment, in a non-residential setting. A key to a participants’ success is reducing their level of risk. GEO Reentry Services, which operates the RSC programs, uses the LSI-R tool to assess risk levels. This study, assessing 253 program participants in five RSCs, found that their risk levels had dropped 13% in assessed risk when they participated in RSC programming. For parolees who completed the program, their assessed risk dropped further, with their risk levels reduced by 22%. Additionally, for 225 participants deemed at high-risk for recidivating who completed the program, their risk score dropped an impressive 19.5%.
Pennsylvania Department of Corrections | October 2017
Reducing offender risk and focusing on stable employment are key factors for participants in reentry services. This study reviews four non-residential reentry service centers in Pennsylvania, including Franklin County RSC, Dauphin County RSC, Lancaster County RSC, and York County RSC. Participants in this study group had their risk scores—measured by the LSI-Revised—drop by 29.6%, moving these participants from what many consider at high to medium risk of recidivating. Additionally, an average of 71.9% of reentrants obtained employment while at the reentry service centers.
Philadelphia Prison System | October 2017
The Philadelphia Prison System funded a study entitled “Making a Difference in Offender Recidivism: Correctional Treatment Programming,” which was conducted by researchers from nearby Drexel University. The study sought to assess the effect of correctional treatment programming when delivered at Hoffman Hall, a 400-bed residential reentry center where individuals received evidence-based treatment, and a control group that did not receive these services. The study included a large sample size, 803 male participants who received treatment, and found they were 24% less likely to recidivate than the control group.
North Carolina Department of Corrections | July 2017
As was the case at the Robeson County Confinement in Response to Violation Center, this report assesses a change in criminal thinking at a Morganton CRV program in Burke County, NC. The state returns return violators to CRV programs for in-prison programming for up to 90 days. This study involved 221 program participants from September 2016 through February 2017, and highlights drops in criminal thinking in several areas using the Texas Christian University Criminal Thinking Scales.
North Carolina Department of Corrections | June 2017
The Justice Reinvestment Act of 2011 led to significant changes in sentencing laws in North Carolina, changes that led to revisions in practices set 20 years prior. The state decided, rather than returning technical probation violators to incarceration with no services, to return violators to unique 90-day in-custody facilities for in-prison programming for up to 90 days. In a study involving 281 program participants, this report explores how North Carolina’s Confinement in Response to Violation Centers were able to reduce criminal thinking significantly.
Kern County Probation Department | November 2013
One of the first to implement a non-residential reentry program with cognitive behavioral treatment in California, the Kern County Probation Department sought to measure the effectiveness of its program, designed for moderate- to high-risk probationers more likely to consume limited county resources. In this 2013 study, the county’s Research, Analysis and Data Unit compared the Kern County Day Reporting Center participant performance against a control group and current participants over a two-year period. The results found that not only did the program participants have a significantly lower rate of “no new convictions,” the study also found a much lower severity of recidivism.
Franklin County, PA | December 2010
After overhauling its correctional system in 2006, Franklin County, PA., opened a non-residential reentry program for probationers that included cognitive behavioral treatment. This study compares 362 probationers who successfully completed the programming against a control group of 299 probationers who received standard probation services during a comparable period. Among other findings, researchers found a significantly lower recidivism rate for program participants versus the comparison group, 18.2% versus 47.8%, respectively.